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React Native仿美团下拉菜单的实例代码

更新时间:2020-05-29 00:42:02 作者:startmvc
本文介绍了ReactNative仿美团下拉菜单的实例代码,最近也在学习ReactNative,顺便分享给大家

本文介绍了React Native仿美团下拉菜单的实例代码,最近也在学习React Native,顺便分享给大家

在很多产品中都会涉及到下拉菜单选择功能,用的最好的当属美团了,其效果如下:

要实现上面的效果,在原生中比较好做,直接使用PopWindow组件即可。如果使用React Native开发上面的效果,需要注意几个问题:

1、 在下拉的时候有动画过度效果;

2、下拉菜单出现后点击菜单项,菜单项可选择,并触发对应的事件;

3、下拉菜单中的项目可以配置;

要实现弹框效果,我们马上回想到使用Model组件,而要绘制打钩图标和下拉三角,我们首先想到使用ART实现,当然选择使用图标也是可以的。例如使用ART绘制对勾的代码如下:


const Check = ()=>{
 return (
 <Surface
 width={18}
 height={12}
 >
 <Group scale={0.03}>
 <Shape
 fill={COLOR_HIGH}
 d={`M494,52c-13-13-33-13-46,0L176,324L62,211c-13-13-33-13-46,0s-13,33,0,46l137,136c6,6,15,10,23,10s17-4,23-10L494,99
 C507,86,507,65,494,52z`}
 />
 </Group>
 </Surface>
 );
}

下拉动画的实现上,需要使用Animated。例如,背景颜色变化需要使用Animated.timing。


 this.state.fadeInOpacity, 
 {
 toValue: value, 
 duration : 250, 
 }

运行效果:

本示例设计三个文件:导航栏FoodActionBar.js,下拉弹框TopMenu.js和文件主类FoodView.js。

FoodActionBar.js


/**
 * https://github.com/facebook/react-native
 * @flow 首页的标题栏
 */

import React, {Component} from 'react';
import {Platform, View, Dimensions, Text, StyleSheet, TouchableOpacity, Image} from 'react-native';
import px2dp from '../util/Utils'

const isIOS = Platform.OS == "ios"
const {width, height} = Dimensions.get('window')
const headH = px2dp(isIOS ? 64 : 44)

export default class FoodActionBar extends Component {

 constructor(props) {
 super(props);
 this.state = {
 showPop: false,
 }
 }


 renderHeader() {
 return (
 <View style={styles.headerStyle}>
 <TouchableOpacity style={styles.action} >
 <Image style={styles.scanIcon}/>
 </TouchableOpacity>
 <TouchableOpacity style={styles.searchBar}>
 <Image source={require('../images/ic_search.png')} style={styles.iconStyle}/>
 <Text style={{fontSize: 13, color: "#666", marginLeft: 5}}>输入商家名、品类和商圈</Text>
 </TouchableOpacity>
 <TouchableOpacity style={styles.action} onPress={() => { this.setState({ showPop: !this.state.showPop }) }}>
 <Image style={styles.scanIcon}
 source={require('../images/icon_address.png')}/>
 </TouchableOpacity>
 </View>
 )
 }

 render() {
 return (
 <View>
 {this.renderHeader()}
 </View>
 );
 }
}

const styles = StyleSheet.create({
 headerStyle: {
 backgroundColor: "#ffffff",
 height: headH,
 paddingTop: px2dp(isIOS ? 20 : 0),
 flexDirection: 'row',
 alignItems: 'center',
 },
 searchBar: {
 flex:1,
 height: 30,
 borderRadius: 19,
 backgroundColor:'#e9e9e9',
 marginLeft: 10,
 flexDirection: 'row',
 justifyContent: 'flex-start',
 alignItems: 'center',
 alignSelf: 'center',
 paddingLeft: 10,
 },
 text: {
 fontSize: 16,
 color: '#ffffff',
 justifyContent: 'center',
 },
 iconStyle: {
 width: 22,
 height: 22,
 },
 action: {
 flexDirection: 'row',
 justifyContent: 'center',
 alignItems: 'center',
 marginLeft:10,
 marginRight:10
 },
 scanIcon: {
 width: 28,
 height: 28,
 alignItems: 'center',
 },
 scanText: {
 fontSize: 14,
 color: '#ffffff',
 justifyContent: 'center',
 alignItems: 'center',
 },
});

TopMenu.js


/**
 * Sample React Native App
 * https://github.com/facebook/react-native
 * @flow
 */

import React, {Component} from 'react';
import {
 AppRegistry,
 StyleSheet,
 Animated,
 ScrollView,
 Dimensions,
 PixelRatio,
 Text,
 TouchableWithoutFeedback,
 TouchableHighlight,
 ART,
 View
} from 'react-native';

const {Surface, Shape, Path, Group} = ART;

const {width, height} = Dimensions.get('window');

const T_WIDTH = 7;
const T_HEIGHT = 4;

const COLOR_HIGH = '#00bea9';
const COLOR_NORMAL = '#6c6c6c';

const LINE = 1 / PixelRatio.get();

class Triangle extends React.Component {

 render() {

 var path;
 var fill;
 if (this.props.selected) {
 fill = COLOR_HIGH;
 path = new Path()
 .moveTo(T_WIDTH / 2, 0)
 .lineTo(0, T_HEIGHT)
 .lineTo(T_WIDTH, T_HEIGHT)
 .close();
 } else {
 fill = COLOR_NORMAL;
 path = new Path()
 .moveTo(0, 0)
 .lineTo(T_WIDTH, 0)
 .lineTo(T_WIDTH / 2, T_HEIGHT)
 .close();
 }

 return (
 <Surface width={T_WIDTH} height={T_HEIGHT}>
 <Shape d={path} stroke="#00000000" fill={fill} strokeWidth={0}/>
 </Surface>
 )
 }
}

const TopMenuItem = (props) => {
 const onPress = () => {
 props.onSelect(props.index);
 }
 return (
 <TouchableWithoutFeedback onPress={onPress}>
 <View style={styles.item}>
 <Text style={props.selected ? styles.menuTextHigh : styles.menuText}>{props.label}</Text>
 <Triangle selected={props.selected}/>
 </View>
 </TouchableWithoutFeedback>
 );
};

const Subtitle = (props) => {
 let textStyle = props.selected ?
 [styles.tableItemText, styles.highlight, styles.marginHigh] :
 [styles.tableItemText, styles.margin];

 let rightTextStyle = props.selected ? [styles.tableItemText, styles.highlight] : styles.tableItemText;

 let onPress = () => {
 props.onSelectMenu(props.index, props.subindex, props.data);
 }

 return (
 <TouchableHighlight onPress={onPress} underlayColor="#f5f5f5">
 <View style={styles.tableItem}>
 <View style={styles.row}>
 {props.selected && <Check />}
 <Text style={textStyle}>{props.data.title}</Text>
 </View>
 <Text style={rightTextStyle}>{props.data.subtitle}</Text>
 </View>
 </TouchableHighlight>
 );
};

const Title = (props) => {
 let textStyle = props.selected ?
 [styles.tableItemText, styles.highlight, styles.marginHigh] :
 [styles.tableItemText, styles.margin];

 let rightTextStyle = props.selected ? [styles.tableItemText, styles.highlight] : styles.tableItemText;


 let onPress = () => {
 props.onSelectMenu(props.index, props.subindex, props.data);
 }

 return (
 <TouchableHighlight onPress={onPress} underlayColor="#f5f5f5">
 <View style={styles.titleItem}>
 {props.selected && <Check />}
 <Text style={textStyle}>{props.data.title}</Text>
 </View>
 </TouchableHighlight>
 );
};

const Check = () => {
 return (
 <Surface
 width={18}
 height={12}
 >
 <Group scale={0.03}>
 <Shape
 fill={COLOR_HIGH}
 d={`M494,52c-13-13-33-13-46,0L176,324L62,211c-13-13-33-13-46,0s-13,33,0,46l137,136c6,6,15,10,23,10s17-4,23-10L494,99
 C507,86,507,65,494,52z`}
 />
 </Group>
 </Surface>
 );
}



export default class TopMenu extends Component {

 constructor(props) {
 super(props);
 let array = props.config;
 let top = [];
 let maxHeight = [];
 let subselected = [];
 let height = [];
 //最大高度
 var max = parseInt((height - 80) * 0.8 / 43);


 for (let i = 0, c = array.length; i < c; ++i) {
 let item = array[i];
 top[i] = item.data[item.selectedIndex].title;
 maxHeight[i] = Math.min(item.data.length, max) * 43;
 subselected[i] = item.selectedIndex;
 height[i] = new Animated.Value(0);
 }


 //分析数据
 this.state = {
 top: top,
 maxHeight: maxHeight,
 subselected: subselected,
 height: height,
 fadeInOpacity: new Animated.Value(0),
 selectedIndex: null
 };


 }


 componentDidMount() {

 }

 createAnimation = (index, height) => {
 return Animated.timing(
 this.state.height[index],
 {
 toValue: height,
 duration: 250
 }
 );
 }

 createFade = (value) => {
 return Animated.timing(
 this.state.fadeInOpacity,
 {
 toValue: value,
 duration: 250,
 }
 );
 }


 onSelect = (index) => {
 if (index === this.state.selectedIndex) {
 //消失
 this.hide(index);
 } else {
 this.setState({selectedIndex: index, current: index});
 this.onShow(index);
 }
 }

 hide = (index, subselected) => {
 let opts = {selectedIndex: null, current: index};
 if (subselected !== undefined) {
 this.state.subselected[index] = subselected;
 this.state.top[index] = this.props.config[index].data[subselected].title;
 opts = {selectedIndex: null, current: index, subselected: this.state.subselected.concat()};
 }
 this.setState(opts);
 this.onHide(index);
 }


 onShow = (index) => {

 Animated.parallel([this.createAnimation(index, this.state.maxHeight[index]), this.createFade(1)]).start();
 }


 onHide = (index) => {
 //其他的设置为0
 for (let i = 0, c = this.state.height.length; i < c; ++i) {
 if (index != i) {
 this.state.height[i].setValue(0);
 }
 }
 Animated.parallel([this.createAnimation(index, 0), this.createFade(0)]).start();

 }

 onSelectMenu = (index, subindex, data) => {
 this.hide(index, subindex);
 this.props.onSelectMenu && this.props.onSelectMenu(index, subindex, data);
 }


 renderList = (d, index) => {
 let subselected = this.state.subselected[index];
 let Comp = null;
 if (d.type == 'title') {
 Comp = Title;
 } else {
 Comp = Subtitle;
 }

 let enabled = this.state.selectedIndex == index || this.state.current == index;

 return (
 <Animated.View key={index} pointerEvents={enabled ? 'auto' : 'none'}
 style={[styles.content, {opacity: enabled ? 1 : 0, height: this.state.height[index]}]}>
 <ScrollView style={styles.scroll}>
 {d.data.map((data, subindex) => {
 return <Comp
 onSelectMenu={this.onSelectMenu}
 index={index}
 subindex={subindex}
 data={data}
 selected={subselected == subindex}
 key={subindex}/>
 })}
 </ScrollView>
 </Animated.View>
 );
 }

 render() {
 let list = null;
 if (this.state.selectedIndex !== null) {
 list = this.props.config[this.state.selectedIndex].data;
 }
 console.log(list);
 return (
 <View style={{flex: 1}}>
 <View style={styles.topMenu}>
 {this.state.top.map((t, index) => {
 return <TopMenuItem
 key={index}
 index={index}
 onSelect={this.onSelect}
 label={t}
 selected={this.state.selectedIndex === index}/>
 })}
 </View>
 {this.props.renderContent()}
 <View style={styles.bgContainer} pointerEvents={this.state.selectedIndex !== null ? "auto" : "none"}>
 <Animated.View style={[styles.bg, {opacity: this.state.fadeInOpacity}]}/>
 {this.props.config.map((d, index) => {
 return this.renderList(d, index);
 })}
 </View>
 </View>
 );
 }
}

const styles = StyleSheet.create({

 scroll: {flex: 1, backgroundColor: '#fff'},
 bgContainer: {position: 'absolute', top: 40, width: width, height: height},
 bg: {flex: 1, backgroundColor: 'rgba(50,50,50,0.2)'},
 content: {
 position: 'absolute',
 width: width
 },

 highlight: {
 color: COLOR_HIGH
 },

 marginHigh: {marginLeft: 10},
 margin: {marginLeft: 28},


 titleItem: {
 height: 43,
 alignItems: 'center',
 paddingLeft: 10,
 paddingRight: 10,
 borderBottomWidth: LINE,
 borderBottomColor: '#eee',
 flexDirection: 'row',
 },

 tableItem: {
 height: 43,
 alignItems: 'center',
 paddingLeft: 10,
 paddingRight: 10,
 borderBottomWidth: LINE,
 borderBottomColor: '#eee',
 flexDirection: 'row',
 justifyContent: 'space-between'
 },
 tableItemText: {fontWeight: '300', fontSize: 14},
 row: {
 flexDirection: 'row'
 },

 item: {
 flex: 1,
 flexDirection: 'row',
 alignItems: 'center',
 justifyContent: 'center',
 },
 menuTextHigh: {
 marginRight: 3,
 fontSize: 13,
 color: COLOR_HIGH
 },
 menuText: {
 marginRight: 3,
 fontSize: 13,
 color: COLOR_NORMAL
 },
 topMenu: {
 flexDirection: 'row',
 height: 40,
 borderTopWidth: LINE,
 borderTopColor: '#bdbdbd',
 borderBottomWidth: 1,
 borderBottomColor: '#f2f2f2'
 },

});

主类FoodView.js:


/**
 * Sample React Native App
 * https://github.com/facebook/react-native
 * @flow
 */

import React, {Component} from 'react';
import {
 AppRegistry,
 StyleSheet,
 TouchableOpacity,
 Dimensions,
 Text,
 View
} from 'react-native';
const {width, height} = Dimensions.get('window');

import FoodActionBar from "./pop/FoodActionBar";
import Separator from "./util/Separator";
import TopMenu from "./pop/TopMenu";


const CONFIG = [
 {
 type:'subtitle',
 selectedIndex:1,
 data:[
 {title:'全部', subtitle:'1200m'},
 {title:'自助餐', subtitle:'300m'},
 {title:'自助餐', subtitle:'200m'},
 {title:'自助餐', subtitle:'500m'},
 {title:'自助餐', subtitle:'800m'},
 {title:'自助餐', subtitle:'700m'},
 {title:'自助餐', subtitle:'900m'},
 ]
 },
 {
 type:'title',
 selectedIndex:0,
 data:[{
 title:'智能排序'
 }, {
 title:'离我最近'
 }, {
 title:'好评优先'
 }, {
 title:'人气最高'
 }]
 }
];


export default class FoodView extends Component {

 constructor(props){
 super(props);
 this.state = {
 data:{}
 };
 }

 renderContent=()=>{
 return (
 <TouchableOpacity >
 <Text style={styles.text}>index:{this.state.index} subindex:{this.state.subindex} title:{this.state.data.title}</Text>
 </TouchableOpacity>
 );
 // alert(this.state.data.title)
 };

 onSelectMenu=(index, subindex, data)=>{
 this.setState({index, subindex, data});
 };

 render() {
 return (
 <View style={styles.container}>
 <FoodActionBar/>
 <Separator/>
 <TopMenu style={styles.container} config={CONFIG} onSelectMenu={this.onSelectMenu} renderContent={this.renderContent}/>
 </View>
 );
 }
}

const styles = StyleSheet.create({
 container: {
 flex: 1,
 width:width,
 backgroundColor: '#F5FCFF',
 },
 text: {
 fontSize:20,
 marginTop:100,
 justifyContent: 'center',
 alignItems: 'center',

 },

});

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。