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MySQL笔记之数学函数详解

更新时间:2020-04-21 01:20:17 作者:startmvc
绝对值函数ABS(x)和圆周率函数PI()mysql>SELECTABS(0.5),ABS(-0.5),PI();+----------+-----------+----------+|AB

绝对值函数ABS(x)和圆周率函数PI()


mysql> SELECT ABS(0.5), ABS(-0.5), PI();
+----------+-----------+----------+
| ABS(0.5) | ABS(-0.5) | PI()     |
+----------+-----------+----------+
|      0.5 |       0.5 | 3.141593 |
+----------+-----------+----------+
 row in set (0.00 sec)

平方根函数SQRT(x)和求余函数MOD(x,y)


mysql> SELECT SQRT(16), SQRT(3), MOD(13,4);
+----------+--------------------+-----------+
| SQRT(16) | SQRT(3)            | MOD(13,4) |
+----------+--------------------+-----------+
|        4 | 1.7320508075688772 |         1 |
+----------+--------------------+-----------+
 row in set (0.00 sec)

取整函数CEIL(x)、CEILING(x)和FLOOR(x)


mysql> SELECT CEIL(2.3), CEIL(-2.3), CEILING(2.3), CEILING(-2.3);
+-----------+------------+--------------+---------------+
| CEIL(2.3) | CEIL(-2.3) | CEILING(2.3) | CEILING(-2.3) |
+-----------+------------+--------------+---------------+
|         3 |         -2 |            3 |            -2 |
+-----------+------------+--------------+---------------+
 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> SELECT FLOOR(2.3), FLOOR(-2.3);
+------------+-------------+
| FLOOR(2.3) | FLOOR(-2.3) |
+------------+-------------+
|          2 |          -3 |
+------------+-------------+
 row in set (0.00 sec)


CEIL(x)和CEILING(x)返回大于或等于x的最小整数

FLOOR(x)返回小于或等于x的最大整数

随机数函数RAND()和RAND(x)


mysql> SELECT RAND(), RAND(2), RAND(2);
+--------------------+--------------------+--------------------+
| RAND()             | RAND(2)            | RAND(2)            |
+--------------------+--------------------+--------------------+
| 0.8269294489425881 | 0.6555866465490187 | 0.6555866465490187 |
+--------------------+--------------------+--------------------+
 row in set (0.00 sec)

RAND()和RAND(x)这两个函数丢失返回0~1的随机数

区别在于,RAND()返回的数是完全随机的,而RAND(x)在x相同时返回的值相同

四舍五入函数ROUND(x)、ROUND(x,y)和TRUNCATE(x,y)


mysql> SELECT ROUND(2.3), ROUND(2.5), ROUND(2.53,1), ROUND(2.55,1);
+------------+------------+---------------+---------------+
| ROUND(2.3) | ROUND(2.5) | ROUND(2.53,1) | ROUND(2.55,1) |
+------------+------------+---------------+---------------+
|          2 |          3 |           2.5 |           2.6 |
+------------+------------+---------------+---------------+
 row in set (0.00 sec)

ROUND(x)返回离x最近的整数,也就是对x进行四舍五入处理

ROUND(x,y)返回x保留到小数点后y位的值,在截取时进行四舍五入处理


mysql> SELECT TRUNCATE(2.53,1), TRUNCATE(2.55,1);
+------------------+------------------+
| TRUNCATE(2.53,1) | TRUNCATE(2.55,1) |
+------------------+------------------+
|              2.5 |              2.5 |
+------------------+------------------+
 row in set (0.00 sec)

TRUNCATE(x,y)返回x保留到小数点后y位的值,不进行四舍五入操作

符号函数SIGN(x)


mysql> SELECT SIGN(-2), SIGN(0), SIGN(2);
+----------+---------+---------+
| SIGN(-2) | SIGN(0) | SIGN(2) |
+----------+---------+---------+
|       -1 |       0 |       1 |
+----------+---------+---------+
 row in set (0.00 sec)

SIGN(x)返回x的符号,-1为负数,0不变,1为整数


幂运算函数POW(x,y)、POWER(x,y)


mysql> SELECT POW(3,2), POWER(3,2);
+----------+------------+
| POW(3,2) | POWER(3,2) |
+----------+------------+
|        9 |          9 |
+----------+------------+
 row in set (0.00 sec)